In Paris and Abuja
One could not help but be impressed by the millions that turned out in Paris to stand against the Islamist terrorists who killed workers at the French satirical magazine, Charlie Hebdo and four others at a kosher grocery store. Two law enforcement officers were also killed, bringing the total to 17. About forty heads of state and more than a million others thronged to Republique Square; even more rallied around France. In total, it is estimated that 3.7 rallied for freedom. They wore shirts and carried signs that said, “I am Charlie”. Some said, “I am Muslim and Charlie”, or “I am Jewish and Charlie”. Those crowds who rallied crossed race, religious and political lines.
President Obama got mixed feedback because he didn’t attend the solidarity rally, and because Ambassador to France Jane Hartley, considered someone with much less status, attended to represent the United States. Critics said he could at least have sent Vice President Joe Biden, and that Attorney General Eric Holder was in Paris and could have attended. The President may be doing something much more substantive, convening a summit on world terrorism at the White House in February.
I wonder if these conversations will address terror in Nigeria, where the Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram abducted 276 girls, and still holds 219. A hashtag campaign, #BringBackOurGirls was joined by First Lady Michelle Obama, former Secretary of State Hilary Clinton, British Prime Minister David Cameron and others. Few of the forty who rallied in Paris have ever mentioned the abducted girls and those terrorists who took them. Indeed, the abducted girls have all but disappeared from the headlines and then, from the public consciousness.
The girls were abducted on April 14, 2014, about nine months ago. Since then, our attention has been riveted by other news from the African continent, as the Ebola virus killed thousands (but we in the US were mostly focused on our handful of casualties), and as ISIS has escalated its activity around the globe. While some have forgotten about the Nigerian girls, many have not. Obiageli Ezekwesili, a former Nigerian government official who is now Vice-President of the World Bank’s Africa Division has been among those continuing to focus attention on the girls.
People fear that Boko Haram, may have sold the schoolgirls into slavery, forced some into marriage, or killed some. Given the fact that Amnesty International, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the UN Security Council have decried the Islamist militant terrorist group, it is alarming that the world community has been so indifferent to the plight of the abducted young girls. Some of the indifference does not start with the world, but in Nigeria. Will Goodluck Jonathan, the Nigerian President who is running for reelection, mention the girls at all before February, when voting takes place? Or has the fate of 219 kidnapped girls been forgotten?
Demonstrations have taken place daily in Abuja, Nigeria’s capital, despite the fact that the police have ordered these demonstrations to stop. Meanwhile, Boko Haram continues its terrorist plundering in Nigeria, destroying villages and towns in the northeast part of the country and killing thousands. It is estimated that they have destroyed more than 3700 structures – homes, churches, and public spaces. Tens of thousands of Nigerians have fled to Chad, at the border, because they fear for their lives.
I don’t know if it would be effective for world leaders to rally in Abuja to pressure Boko Haram to return the girls. I don’t know if t-shirts or signs saying “We Are the Nigerian Girls” would do much more than direct attention back to these young students whose hopes and dreams have been stomped on by irrational terrorists. I don’t know if it would make a difference if Nigerian communities all over the world came together to demand return of the girls. I don’t know the efforts of feminists around the world would make a difference.
I do know that about 219 Nigerian girls are gone, and a terrorist group is responsible for taking them. I know that they are reputed to be affiliated with Al-Qaeda and with ISIS. I know that while the world has rallied to show solidarity in the fight against terrorism in France, there has been no such gathering to show solidarity in the fight against terrorism in Nigeria. I don’t know (and I might be misinformed) if offers to help contain or eliminate Boko Haram have been made by the world community.
The war against terrorism has been embraced in Paris, with millions there, and thousands in the rest of the world, taking it to the streets to express their outrage. Where is the outrage for the more than 200 Nigerian girls? Nine months after they have been snatched from their school, who remembers? Who cares?